Dixon County Nebraska has 5 places on the National Register of Historic Places including 1 place of National significance and 3 places of Statewide significance. Significant places include Indian Hill Archeological District, Cook Blacksmith Shop, Ponca Historic District and Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Salem Church and Dixon County Courthouse.
Prehistoric cultural affiliation(s) include Central Plains and Woodland dating back to 1000.
Some of the country's most noteable architects helped create the Dixon County places including Olof Z. Cervin and J. Reynolds. Prominent architectural styles found in Dixon Country are Art Deco, Italianate and Late Gothic Revival.