Prehistoric cultural affiliation(s) include Pueblo; Northern San Juan, Numic (Shoshonean), Anasazi, Late Pueblo, North San Juan, San Juan Anasazi, Pueblo Ii Cultural Period, Pueblo Iii Cultural Period, Pueblo Tradition, Late Pueblo Ii, Early Pueblo Iii, Mesa Verde, Great Pueblo Period, Pueblo: Northern San Juan, Pueblo: Chaco and Mesa Verde Culture dating back to 2999 BC.
Several famous people are associated with these Montezuma County historic places including Fray Silvestre Velez de Escalante and Sylvanus Griswold Morley.
Some of the country's most noteable architects helped create the Montezuma County places including Jesse Nusbaum, NPS Branch of Plans & Design, A.J. Ames, unknown, E.J. Wilbur, Walter H. Simon, George Woods and Peter Baxtrom. Prominent architectural styles found in Montezuma Country are Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Classical Revival and Colonial Revival.